Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo

King Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo

Dinuzulu kaCetshwayo was the king of the Zulu nation from 20 May 1884 until his death in 1913. He succeeded his father Cetshwayo.

Born: 1868, Babanango
Died: 18 October 1913, Transvaal
Parents: Cetshwayo kaMpande
Children: Solomon kaDinuzulu, Magogo kaDinuzulu
Books: The trial of Dinuzulu on charges of high treason, at Greytown, Natal, 1908-09
Grandchildren: Mangosuthu Buthelezi, Cyprian Bhekuzulu kaSolomon

 

Izibongo zoMntwana uZibhebhu kaMaphitha

Izibongo zoMntwana uZibhebhu kaMaphitha:

INyosi :UGwebisa kaMandondo wakwaDlamini:

UMsongi wensimbi
Ayibek’ekhanda
Athi yikhona
Amagwal’ezakumbalekela

Usima ngandonga bangamhlabi
Bahlab’umbhantaka
Intak’eduke nabalandakazi
Ngoba iduke naBaqulusi

UMagwaz’ayiqhube
Ayis’ekhakonina kwaSothondose
UMngun’uyathentesa
Ufana nabasiki bebunda

Umfishan’ongubo ziyanyathela
Ingan’ezabade
Ziyalubuth’udaka
Umabatshazwa yimvubu yaseMzinyathi
Kwath’izingwenya zayikhex’imilomo

Umhlang’oshaya
Izinkomo zikaMaphitha
Usiyephuyephu siyimbube yakwaSekane
Emakhal’avuth ‘umlilo
Usinikiniki silishoba lenkunzi yezingonyama

UGwavumane waMasotsha
Umudli wezidid’ezimbili
Esinye singaphansi kweHlobane
Esinye singaphansi kweZungeni

Usibindi gidi
Usibindi simnyama
Simnyama nenyongo yaso
UMnumzan’ozihlabanelayo
Ingan’ abany’ abamnumzane
Bayasab’ukuhlatshw’emkhabeni

Uthukuthele mtakaNdaba
Walokuth’uMsebe
Wath’uyakugcwala
Nezingazi zamadoda***

Ungalo zimqingo
Ngokugwedl’ibhosho
Ngaphansi kweTshana
Ugwedlel’oMgazi noButhelezi.

IZul’elidume
Phezu koMzibomvu
Ugod’olukhwela
Amakhwent’eMzinyathi

Unkomo zinembedle
Zine mbedlelele
INkunz’ eMnyama
Yakithi kwaMandlakazi

Inzima lemnyama iyesabeka
Imnyama nezimpondo zayo
Iyesab ‘ukuthiba
Ngoba yesab’ukushelela

UNonqayiza bemthibela*
Uthitshelwa ngaMasotsha
NaMagumgedlela

Obhukudis’ abelungu kwaNolele
Bengasathand’ ukubhukuda
Usibhamu sadl’uMlungu
Sadl ‘ingwenya kwaNolele

UGqamu kwabad’ abelungu
Usihawuhawu ‘ungayinkondlo
Bayivumile
Ivunywe nguPhunga
Yavunywa nguMageba

Umudli wenguyazana
Yedwa kwaNolele
Lwalal ‘USuthu*
Lunga yidlanga

Ugxamalaza kuphum’ umbayimbayi
Ngaphansi nangaphezulu
Mjaheni Masotsha
Mjaheni Magumgedlela

OkaNdaba wayengasenakwephuka
KwaNolele
Ukuba wayephuka
Waye yokwephuk’eSANDLWANA*

Gijimani ngezindlela zonkana
Niyobikela abangakezwa
Nifike nibatshele ukuthi:
Lukhulu luyeza luyanyelela
Silufanisa noZibhebhu kaMaphitha**

Ubuhle bakho Ndaba
Ngiyabesaba, ngibusolile
Ngithe uma ngibuqaphelisisa
Ngabufanisa namehlw’entethe
Won ‘asemhulubulweni

Bamethwes’ isicoco
OkaNdaba samfanela
Bamgibez’ ehhashini
OkaNdaba lamfanela
Bamnik ‘isihlangu
OkaNdaba samfanela

Nani maSwazi khawulani
Ukufunga uMahlokohla
Nith ‘uMahlokohla
Ngowakini kwaNgwane::

Ngob’uMahlokohla ngowakithi
Laph’eBhanganomo
Ohlokohl’izimbub’eGujini
Zaphum’ubusabalala

Zaze zashay’umtsheke
Zathi ngqu! Washesha!
Mhla uzakuza
NeZimbidl’ezimashoba

Unkomo zashaya
Ingwaqa ngwaqa kwelasoSuthu
UMngun’oMnyama
Wakithi kwaMandlakazi
UMngun’ovimbele
Abany’abeNguni
Engibaziyo bakoFebane

Mhla abeNguni
Beza ngothul’eNgxongwane
Wabuyisel’amagwal’emuva

Ujojo luvikel’amaklele
Khona lapha eNdimhlane
UNondondo welanga

UMababal’ahlome
Akadinwa ukuhloma
UNgqongqo yemikhonto
Uyazibang’izililo
Ngob’uyazibang’izinyembezi

USiguda mnyama nonyezi
UNompangisa kuyihlomisa
USihlangu sikaShaka noJama

Wamudl’uGodide kaNdlela
Emadunen’akwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath’uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik’izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudla uNdwandwe kaMdlaka
Emaduneni akwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath’uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik’izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudl’uSihayo kaXhongo
Emadunen’akwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath’uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik’ izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudl’ uSekethwayo kaNhlaka
Ezikhulwini kwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath’uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik’iznyoni zeZulu

Wamudla uNtshingwayo kaMahole
Emadunen’ akwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath’ uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik ‘izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudla uDikane kaHlakanyane
Emaduneni akwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath ‘uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik ‘izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudla uBhulangethe kaMagidi
Emaduneni akwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabinda zalutho
Wath ‘uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik ‘izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudla uVumandaba kaNqethi
Ezikhulwini zakwaZulu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath ‘ uyababa
Akanonyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik’ izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudla uHayiyana noMakhoba
Kwaba kwenu
Wamaqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wathi bayababa
Abananyongo abanamhlehlo
Wabanik’ izinyoni zeZulu

Wamudla uNhlanganiso kwabakwenu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho
Wath ‘uyababa
Akananyongo akamhlehlo
Wamnik ‘izinyoni zeZulu

Usehla ngohologo
Kwelase Madletsheni
Abanye behla
Ngogongolo lwentaba

Wamudla uMsushwana kaMfusi
Kwezinkulu izindengezi zasoSuthu
Wamqumba phansi koludumayo
Akwabindaba zalutho

Wamfimfitha wamkhafula
Wath ‘uyababa
Akananyongo akanamhlehlo
Wamnik’ izinyoni zeZulu
Yasuka kwaNdunu

Mjulel’ abantu
Onjengo lembu
Ngob’ ujubele
UMsushwana kwabaseMdletsheni

OkaNdaba ugwaz’iduna
Kwazond’eliny’iduna
Nibabi maduna
AkwaZulu ngokuzondelana

Ube ngulamula mtakaNdaba
Ungemuthi wabeLungu
Ngob ‘ulamlele
USitheku kwabakaMpande
Wamnqumel’ezingamakhulu amathathu

Ndab’ uyalamlela
Lo munt’omemezayo
Umemeza njalo
Sengath ‘uyakhala
Ukhal ‘isililo

Uth ‘umtanakh’akendelanga lutho
Kwela kwaMandlakazi
Ngoba wendel’utho
Luka mbayi mbayi

Usal’ukutshelwa
Usal’ukunyenyezelwa
Ngonyama Nduna
Vuka bakuhlanganisile

Mbala wezinkomo nabantu
Awusabulali mtakaNdaba
Usuyasizila
Uqoth’ imbokode nesisekelo

Usimelele ngomkhonto
Phezu kweTshana
Wadondolozela ngenhlendla
KwaMthununtengayo
UMagasa emini libalele
Zonk’ izintaba zimbhekile
Izingwazi zamagwala zabola

Umkhumb’othi
Uyakhiwa wahlakazeka
Umkhont ‘oqed’amadoda
Ihhash ‘elimhlophe
Elinqand ‘amakhala

Uzungez’izintaba
ZaseMphelandaba
Kwaze kwazamazama
Izintaba zoBombo

Ithol ‘elingamqembu
Kwamany ‘amathole
Thole gqabula !
Kade lalizigqabul ‘izinsinga

Izul ‘elimnyama
LikaMaphitha
Elihlome laphindelela
NakwaNdunu
Ladl ‘amadoda

Uphehl’ itshe lingenambolo
Ngaphansi kwaGodlankomo
Laze labhoboka

Ithole elanyisa kuqala
Kwamanye amathole
Inkomo kaNdaba
Abayisengel ‘ethusini
Iye yakhab’ umbambi
Yakhab ‘umshayi

Ivondwe likaMaphitha
Eligend ‘amany ‘amavondwe
Lithe liyawagenda
Lawagendel ‘entendelezini

Impala eyasala
Kwezinye izimpala
Bezigumula bezibhoncula
Bezenz ‘amagudu
Okubhem ‘aBashokobezi

Umahlal ‘ehlomile
Ubenjengonhlanya
Ngoba nanamuhla
Usahlomile

Uhlany ‘oluze lugijima
Zalukhonkoth’ izinja zakoManqayi

Kanti ezakoNomsebedwana
Ziyalubungazela
Qatha langima
Nkomo zakwaNobandile

Kawukhawule Bhokotshiki
Ukutshikizela izinkomo
Zamadun ‘akini kwaZulu

Mhlanganiso kayibalwa
Ingani ‘eyaMamboza
Iyabalwa koDamushe

UMloyiswa kaNdaba
Okade babemloyisa
Beth ‘ akasayikufa
Akasayikumbelwa
UMagasa kaNdaba !

Lobengula kaMzilikazi

This is a very rare picture of king Lobengula kaMzilikazi, the son of Mzilikazi who was Shaka Zulu’s right-hand man.

Lobengula took the reigns of the now Zimbabwen Ndebele people. His father ran away from the Zulu Kingdom all the way to the land now called Zimbabwe.
This piece of history alone, makes us realise that, we Africans are one people.

This is a picture of Lobengula’s youngest daughter

UMLANDO OMFISHANE WENKOSI uSHAKA ZULU

UMLANDO OMFISHANE WENKOSI uSHAKA ZULU

Related image
According to our sources, this is the only portrayal of king Shaka Zulu that survived history, however we could not get sufficient information to confirm its degree of his real life resemblance.

INkosi uShaka kaSenzangakhona kwakuyiNkosi yesizwe saMazulu yodumo ngokuthi uShaka Zulu.

  • INkosi uShaka yazalwa ngonyaka ka 1787 ngase Melmoth enyakatho yesifundazwe saKwazulu-Natal yakhothamangonyaka ka (1828) Kwadukuza eNingizimu yenyakatho,esingakusho kugcwale umlomo ukuthi uShaka uzalelwe esifundazweni saKwazulu-Natal.
  • uShaka waziwa kakhulu ngokuhlanganisa izizwe zamanguni zasenyakatho ikakhulukazi lezo zakwaMthethwa nezakwaNdwandwe wazifaka ngaphansi kombuholi nombuso waKwazulu,lokho kwakuwukuqala kwesizwe esinamandla nenqwaba yomthelela eNingizimu Afrika
  • Umlando umbiza ngokukhalipha kakhulu uShaka ngenxa yobuhlakani bakhe ekuthuthukiseni indlela amabutho aKwazulu ayelwa ngayo kodwa ke abuye futhi emgxeke kakhulu ngenxa yodlame nonya lombuso wakhe.
  • Ezinsukwini zobusha bakhe empini wayengaphansi kobuholi uDingiswayo kanye nesizwe sakwaMthethwa ,nokuyisizwe ngalesosikhathi isizwe saMazulu esisikhothama kuso.
  • Inkosi uShaka wayeyilunga lebutho lakwaMthethwa iminyaka eyishumi, kuthe kusenjalo wakhetha ukuzihlukanisa eningini ngokukhombisa isibindi empini,ikakhulukazi uma kuliwa ezixukwini lapho amabutho esondelene khona,ikhono lakhe labonwa umholi wesizwe sakwaMthethwa uDingiswayo.umholi uDingiswayo wamthanda kakhulu uShaka emuveni kokuthola ukuthi uzalwa ebukhosini, wamunika isikhundla sokuhola amabutho akhe ,uDingiswayo wayedingisiwe ngemuva kokuzama ukuketula umbuso kayise,ngesikhathi inkosi uSenzangakhona uyise kaShaka ekhothama,uSigujana umfowabo kaShaka omncane wagcotshwa njengeNkosi yesizwe saMazulu.
  • UBukhosi buka Sigujana abufikanga ndawo,umlando uthi iNkosi uShaka ngosizo lukaDingiswayo nomfowabo uNgwidi babopha uzungu lokubulala uSigujana,kwaba ukuqala kombuso wenkosi uShaka,nakuba eyinkosi waqhubeka nokuyamela kumholi wesizwe sakwaMthethwa uDingiswayo.
  • UShaka wavumela ondlebe zikhanya ilanga ukuthi bangene Kwazulu Natal okwadala omkhulu umsindo nezingxushungxushu.
  • Ngemuva kokukhothama kukaDingiswayo ebulewe nguZwide wesizwe samaNdwandwe ,inkosi uShaka yafuna ukuziphindiselela kuZwide.
  • Ngesikhathi iNkosi uShaka ikhothama ubukhosi bathathwa uDingane,umfowabo uDingane wathatha isihlalo sobukhosi waqala uhambo lokuqotha bonke ababeyizithenjwa zenkosi ushaka nokuwuhambo olwathatha iminyaka.

UKUGUJWA KWE HERITAGE DAY

  • Ukugujwa usuku lukaShaka oselwaziwa nge Heritage day,izinsizwa nezintombi zisuke zibhikla ingoma lize liyozilahla kunina njengoba kuzobe kwenzeka osukwini lwakusasa kwaDukuza.
  • Lolusuku Kwazulu Natal yilo okukhunjulwa ngalo amagalelo ka shaka ekuhlanganiseni isizwe samazulu.
  • Umhlaka 24 September wawungekho ohlwini lwamaholidi ayeshicilelwe ngaphansi komthetho ipublic holiday bill,nokwavusa imvunge kwiqembu Inkatha Freedom Party nelalinamalunga amaningi angaMazulu,ngalesosikhathi leliqembu lalishaya phansi ngonyawo lithi lolusuku kufanele lihlonishwe.
  • Ukubungazwa kwalolusuku kwagcina sekukapakatele nakwezinye izifundazwe,nalapho khona abantu bekhuthazwa ukuthi beqhakambise amasiko abo.
  • Cishe siyazi sonke ukuthi Amazulu yibona bantu abadume iafrika yonkana ngenxa yamabutho alwa impi agcine esatshwa isikhathi eside.
  • Sonke kusasa zingane zakwethu asiphumeni ngobuningi bethu siyogubha lolusuku Kwadukuza isilo samabandla uGoodwill Zwelithini uGangezwelakhe imbube isibizile sizohlanganyela ndawonye,Bayede Bayede Bayede wena wendlovu inkosi ayiqedwa abazi kangcono bathi okungapheli kuyahlola,ume njalo zulu.

Impi yaseSandlwana

Related image

Uma sikhuluma ngempi yaseSandlwana kudingeka sazi ukuthi inhlosonqangi yabahlaseli kwakungukuqeda uMbuso woBukhosi bukaZulu owawusasele eNyakatho yoThukela noMzinyathi, ngaphansi kweNgonyama uCetshwayo eyaqala ukubusa kusukela ngowe-1872 kuya kowe-1879.

Ukuhlasela uMbuso wamaNgisi wakwenza ngokusebenzisa amasu kangqondongqondo wezempi eChina, uSun Tzu, oncwadi yakhe yashicilelwa ngowama-400 singakaFiki isiKhathi sikaKrestu [BCE]. Le ncwadi ethi: The Art of War yase ihunyushiwe yashicilelwa e-Europe ngowe-1772 sesiFikile isiKhathi sikaKrestu [ADE]. Kuyo uSun Tzu uthi: “one cannot have advantage of topography without the use of local guides.” okuwukuthi ‘ngeke uyinqobe impi ungazange usebenzise abantu obahlaselayo bendawo abazi nabazokuchushisa kuzo zonke izindawo eziyingozi ngenkathi uhlasela’. Ngakho-ke izinhloli zamaNgisi kwakungezamaZulu ezazi yonke imihosha, amawa, imigede namahlathi endawo. uSun Tzu uphinde athi: “those who reach and occupy the battleground early will have time to rest and wait for the enemy.” okuhumusheka ngokuthi ‘abafika kuqala lapho kuzolwelwa khona baba nethuba lokuphumula belinde isitha ukuze badumelane naso benomfutho’.

Lokhu kwenzeka eNcome, eNdondakusuka nakhona eSandlwana lapho impi kaZulu yafika ntambama mhla zingama-21 kuMasingana 1879, kuzoliwa ngakusasa ekuseni. Uyagcizelela uSun Tzu ukuthi ukuze kunqotshwe isitha umhlaseli kudingeka abe nolwazi olugcwele ngesimo sezempi sesitha asihlaselayo kodwa ululeka ngokuthi: “the fore knowledge cannot be elicited from spirits nor from the gods nor by inductive thinking; nor by deductive calculations. It can only be obtained from men who have knowledge on the enemy’s situation.” ulwazi lwesimo sezempi sesitha lungavela kuphela ngezinhloli zabantu bendawo abasaziyo isimo sendawo yabo.

Le mpi yaseSandlwana kudingeka siphinde sazi ukuthi yayilandela eyaseNdondakusuka yamhla zizi-2 kuZibandlela 1856, eyayihlelwe yiyo iNgilandi ngokuzama ukubeka uMntwana uMbuyazwe ukuba yiNgonyama nxa iSilo uMpande sesikhotheme kubangelwa ngukungamethembi uMntwana uCetshwayo owayefuna izinto zihanjiswe njengesikhathi kusabusa iNgonyama uShaka.

Ngakho-ke iNgilandi yayikwazi konke lokhu ngezinhloli zayo. Yanquma ukuthi kwesekwe uMbuyazwe. Lokhu kuzimbandakanya kweNgilandi ukubhuqa uMbuso kaZulu eNdondakusuka kuyavela nasezibongweni zayo iNgonyama uCetshwayo nxa kuthiwa: “uHlamvana bhul’ umlilo eNdulinde, ubaswe ngabamhlophe abelungui ubaswe nguMantshonga uJ. Walmsely benoGgelebana u-E.F. Rathbone.

Ingonyama uCetshwayo isibusa, njengaye uyise uMpande yabusa kuphela ingxenye yoMbuso kaZulu esuka eningizimu yeMaputo, kwaMabhudu, eseNyakatho yemifula uThukela noMzinyathi kusukela ngonyaka w- 1840 kuya kowe-1879. Ingxenye yoMbuso kaZulu eseningizimu yoThukela eyayize iyovinjwa nguMfula uMzimvubu kusabusa iziNgonyama oShaka noDingane yaqolwa ngamaBhunu ayengaphansi kuka-Andries Pretorius ngokwenza umfelandawonye noMntwana uMpande owaqembuka eNgonyameni uDingane ngonyaka we-1839, ngemuva kancane kwempi yaseNcome yamhla zili-16 kuZibandlela 1838 ngokunxenxwa yibo abelungu, hhayi ukuhlaselwa yimpi kaZulu lokho kuyimbudane, imfundisoze nokungahlaziyisisi umlando wethu.

Ngakho-ke amaBhunu aqhuba impi yoMntwana uMpande phambi kweyawo eMaqonqo ngoMasingana 1840, wona eza ngemuva ehlome ngezibhamu kodwa agcina engazisebenzisanga. Impi yonke nxa idumelana kwaba sengathi amaZulu aqedana wodwa kanti ongqondongqondo bamaBhunu bebevele behlose khona lokho, bagcina beqole yonke ingxenye yoMbuso kaZulu eningizimu yoThukela noMzinyathi bayiqamba kabusha bathi iyiRepublic of Natalia (1840-1843) okuligama elasungulwa ngabelungu ngesu lokucisha ikwaZulu bekhumbula ukudlula ogwini komPhutukezi uVasco da Gama mhla zingama-25 kuZibandlela 1497.

Nempela impi yaseMaqonqo yaliwa ngoNozishada kaMaqhoboza Nzuza woDlambedlu owagqama kakhulu kweyeNgonyama uDingane kuvikelwa uMbuso kaZulu noNongalaza Mnyandu owayehola eyoMntwana uMpande nabahlaseli bamaBhunu eyadla umhlanganiso isekelwe yizibhamu. UMntwana uMpande waklonyeliswa ngengxenye esenyakatho yoThukela ngamaBhunu ka-Andries Pretorius aphinde athi ayamgcoba njengeNgonyama. Ngakho-ke kwagcina iziNgonyama oShaka noDingane ukubusa eMbusweni kaZulu obumbene, ohlanganisa iningizimu nenyakatho yoThukela. Lokhu yiyona ngqikithi yokushiwo ngukuGqabuka kweGoda, ngokuqembuka koMntwana uMpande okwakungokokuqala ngqa selokhu sasuka eNkabazwe ngaphansi kweNgonyama uMnguni kaNtu.

iKoloni yamaNgisi aseNatali ngemuva kweminyaka emibili, 1841-1842, uMbuso wamaNgisi wawanqoba amaBhunu ayeqole ingxenye yoMbuso kaZulu eningizimu yoThukela ngowe-1843 kubangwa indawo kaZulu nokubusa phezu kwakhe, indawo ayibhabhadisa ngokuthi iyiKoloni yamaNgisi aseNatali. Zonke izizwe zamaZulu ezazikade zibuswa yiziNgonyama oShaka noDingane eningizimu yoThukela, uSir Theophilus Shepstone, uSomtsewu, uNobhala WeziNdaba ZaBantu, wancoma ukuthi zakhiswe imizi yazo emeveni, ezintabeni nasemigubaneni. Zakhiswa ezindaweni ezazingakulungele neze ukulinywa nemfuyo. Wonke amaZulu enqaba ukuya emeveni adliwa yinhlamvu kwathiwa aduve ngokungemthetho. Odwaladwala bamapulazi avundile nalungele imfuyo ayengamamogeni ayizi-3000 ipulazi lomlungu emunye anikezwa amaNgisi namaBhunu nengxenye yomhlaba kaZulu eyaqolwa yabizwa ngokuthi yindawo kaHulumeni.

Zonke izizwe zaMakhosi eningizimu yoThukela noMzinyathi zaphoqwa ukukhanda ojantshi bezitimela, ukutshala amahlathi, nokukhanda imigwaqo ngaphansi kohlelo lwempoqo olwalwaziwa ngokuthi yiSibhalo. Bonke ababebhalisa abantu ohlelweni IweSibhalo banikezwa ilungelo lokubiza ilobolo lezinkomo ezili-15 nxa amadodakazi abo egana.

Impi yaseSandlwana, zingama-22 kuMasingana ngowe-1879
Impi yaseSandlwana eyalwa mhla zingama 22 kuMasingana ngonyaka we-1879 kudingeka sibe nalesi sithombe ezingqondweni zamaZulu nxa siyixoxa. Yalwa iziwombe ezine ezibalulekile: eSandlwana, eShiyane, kwaKhambula naseHlobane, eGingindlovu nasoNdini (mhla zizi-4 kuNtulikazi 1879). Yaqopha umlando, hhayi nje kuphela eNingizimu Afrika, kodwa emhlabeni jikelele kwazise iNgilandi ngenkathi ihlasela yasebenzisa amasotsha amazwe amaningi ayengamaKoloni ayo ukuzolekelela ukunqoba uMbuso kaZulu. Kwakunamasotsha avela eCanada, eNew Zealand, e-India. Kodwa ingxenye enkulu yamasotsha amaNgisi kwaba ngamabutho kaZulu ezizwe zamaZulu ezazakhe eKoloni yaseNatali eningizimu yoThukela aphoqwa kungekho ayengakwenza ukwenqaba ukuba alwe nabafowawo engasohlangathini lwamaNgisi ngenxa yokuthi ayefana nezigqila zawo amaNgisi aseningizimu yoThukela.

La maZulu ezizwe zaMakhosi aseningizimu yoThukela ayembandakanya amakholwa amaZulu aseDriefontein ngaseMnambithi, e-Edendale, eNdaleni, Rookdale nesizwe sonke sabaTlokwa, esasizinze kwaNobamba okungabeSuthu ababeholwa yiNkosi uHlubi abanikezwa elaseNquthu njengomklomelo ngemuva kwempi yaseSandlwana. Babengabazukulu bakaMantantise owazala uSigonyela bekade bezinze ngaseNtabazwe bazozinziswa kwaNobamba ukuze kuhlaselwe ngabo onke lawo makhosi nezizwe zawo ayesolwa ngamaNgisi ngokuthi awethembekile eMbusweni wawo. Ngakho-ke uMbuso wamaNgisi weKoloni yaseNatali wabalandela ukuzogadla ngabo ngokubahlomisa ngezibhamu ukuhlasela wonke amakhosi amaZulu, ayethathwa njengezephulamthetho, njengesizwe sakwaHadebe esasiholwa yiNkosi uLangalibalele ngowe-1873.

INgilandi yemukela nengxenye yamaBhunu uMengameli wawo uPaul Kruger owaqala ngokunikeza izeluleko zokuthi kusetshenziswe inqaba yezinqola njengoba wona enza mhla zili-16 kuZibandlela 1838 eNcome ehlasela impi kaZulu yeSilo uDingane. Ukusebenzisa inqaba yezinqola njengaseNcome iNgilandi yakuchitha ngephuzu lokuthi yona yayizosebenzisa izikhali ezaziyisimanje manje njengerapid firing needle guns ezazingefani neMartini Henrys eyayisetshenziswa ngamaBhunu eNcome. Iphuzu lesibili lokwenqaba iseluleko labangelwa ngubuningi bempi yawo amaNgisi eyayimbandakanya amabutho kaZulu eNyakatho yoThukela noMzinyathi kanye namaZulu ayezibiza ngamakholwa. Ngakho-ke empeleni nguZulu owayebhekene noZulu kanye naBatlokwa. Leli phuzu osomlando babelungu bayaligodla ukuze kudideke umlando wethu. Empeleni iNgilandi yayazi ngezinhloli zayo ukuthi amaZulu noma amanye awo ayezosebenzisa izibhamu kodwa iningi lamabutho awo lalithembele ezihlangwini, amawisa nemikhonto.

Ngakho-ke abaphathi bezempi yamaNgisi bathi bona bafuna indawo evulekile efanana nayo yaseSandlwana ukuze bazolalisa uyaca emabuthweni kaZulu nxa uZulu esedumelana yedwa amaNgisi ebukela. Kuyasicacela-ke ukuthi iNgilandi yayinamabutho angaphezulu kude kwaweNgonyama uCetshwayo eyayethembele kuphela kuZulu osenyakatho yoThukela noMzinyathi nowayengambandakanyi izizwe zaseManyiseni, kwaNyawo, kwaMtembe nakwaMngomezulu zonke ezingazange zilwe eSandlwana ngoba impi yabahlaseli yaqhamuka njengesinyenyela kwazise kwakukade kunoMkhosi woKweshwama waminyaka yonke eqala ngasekupheleni kukaZibandlela uze uphethwe ngasekupheleni kukaMasingana. Phela iNgilandi yase izocoboshisa okwase kukuphela koMbuso wabaMnyama eNingizimu Afrika owawuzimele gelekeqe ubuswa ngokuphelele ngabantu abamnyama kuyo yonke imikhakha yempilo ngonyaka we-1879. Ngakho-ke amabutho oMbuso kaZulu alwa njengabantu abase bephakathi kwembokodo nesisekelo ukuvikela izwe labo okwase kukuphela kwalo elalisasele.

Amalungiselelo okubhekana nabahlaseli
Ingakadumelani impi kaZulu nabahlaseli bamaNgisi, kwenziwa amalungiselo amaningi uZulu ayewenza nxa kuphuma impi. Njengoba kusukela endulo uMbuso kaZulu wawunezinhloli ezikhaliphe isimangaliso esingabala kuzo uNongila Mabaso, iNgonyama uCetshwayo yase yazi konke ngabahlaseli ngenkathi iNgilandi iphaka amabutho ayo ngemikhakha emithathu: ingxenye eyayizogudla ulwandle iyodlula eGingindlovu ize iyofika oNdini, ingxenye yamasotsha yayizoba phakathi nendawo iyodlula eSandlwana kanye neyesithathu eyayizoqhamuka ngaseHlobane wonke amasotsha agcine ehlangane koMkhulu IweNgonyama uCetshwayo oNdini.

Mayelana namalungiselelo oMbuso kaZulu, okokuqala kwakhishwa isimemezelo ngemuva kokuba iSilo uCetshwayo nesigungu saso sesinaso sonke isiqiniseko sokuthi abahlaseli babecionde oNdini bezohlasela izwe. Isimemezelo senziwa yizinceku ezaziholwa nguBhejane kaNomageje Khoza, abazukulu bakhe nampaya esizweni sakwaKhoza eNseleni. Isimemezelo sasithi: “iNgonyama ithi mayihlome!” Okwesibili, amabutho esefikile oNdini, iNgonyama yafisa ukwazi inani labantu ababenezibhamu. Isibonile ukuthi isibalo sasisincane, yancoma ukuthi kukhishwe izinkomo ukuze uJohn Dunn azothengela amabutho kaZulu izibhamu zokulwa. Yena wayezithenga kumaPhutukezi eMozambique. Lokho akwenzekanga ngoba uJohn Dunn noma iSilo uCetshwayo sasikade simnikeze amanxiwa eMangethe kwaMathaba, eMoyeni kwaNzuza nakwaQhwayinduku eMazimeleni kwathi nxa kuhlaselwa uZulu waqembukela kwabanye abelungu wabanika yonke imininingwane yoMbuso kaZulu ayeyazi.

Okwesithathu, kwaba ngamalungiselelo okuqinisa impi ngezintelezi okwakumbandakanya ukubamba inkunzi emnyama ibulawe ngezandla, ukuqiniswa ngentelezi kwamabutho, ukuphothula emfuleni, ukushunqiselwa kanye nokuchelwa ngazo. Okwesine ukuya eMakhosini nokuhlaba izinkomo zomzimu ezaziqondana namathongo eziNgonyama ezilele eMakhosini nokubongela amakhosi, ukuwazisa ngokuhlaselwa kwezwe lawo. Ebusuku amabutho ayehuba amahubo amadala azo zonke izingonyama zakwaZulu kusuke usinga.

Izinduna nezikhulu ezazibongela eMakhosini ngoMnyamana Buthelezi owayenguNdunankulu weSilo uCetshwayo, Mahlathini kaSojaba Nkwanyana, Ntshingwayo kaMahole Khoza owadidiyela yonke impi eSandlwana. Nguye uMahole owayeluse izinkomo noMntwana uSenzangakhona mhla ehlangana noNandi emadlangaleni kanti sekuzozalwa iLembe, uMbopha kaWolizibi Hlabisa, naziya izizukulwane zakhe kwaHlabisa, uMfusi kaManyala Mdletshe, ukhokho weNkosi uBonga Mdletshe kwaHlabisa, uHhemulana kaMbhangazeli Sibiya, owaphinde wahola eyakwaNdunu sekubusa uDinuzulu, uMvubu kaNgqengelele Buthelezi, uSekethwayo kaNhlaka Mdlalose, ukhokho kaDkt uFrank Mdlalose, uNtuzwa kaNhlaka Mdlalose, uSitshaluza kaMamba Ntshangase, (umfowabo kaMasiphula kaMamba owayenguNdunankulu kaMpande), uSihayo kaXhongo Ngobese, uMpandamana kaNdlela Ntuli, uPhalane kaMdinwa Mkhwanazi, uSigcwelegcwele kaMhlekehleke Ngema, uSomopho kaSikhala Mthembu nabanye.

Ukuxoxa impi
Okwesihlanu kwaba ukuxoxa impi lapho amabutho ayeklolodelana khona ngayezokwenza uma esebhekene nesitha isinyathela awabantwana. INgonyama uCetshwayo yaqala yathi makuxoxe uKhandampemvu neNgobamakhosi. Induna enkulu yeNgobamakhosi kwakunguSigcwelegcwele Mngadi okunguyena owaqala wagiya bamhasha ngezihasho zakhe bethi: “uJi! uJi!” efunga ukuthi iNgobamakhosi iyofika kuqala esitheni uKhandampemvu okunduna yalo kwakunguMkhosana kaMvundlana kaMenziwa Biyela lungakafiki. Naziya izizukulwane zakhe oBuka ngaphansi kweNkosi uChakide. Nezinye izinsizwa zoKhandampemvu zazifunga ngodadewabo ukuthi ziyofinyelela kuqala esitheni. Emaqhaweni nezingwazi ezindala kwakwenzeka zingakaphumeli obala iNgonyama ikhiphe isandla izixhawule ngokuzethemba ukuthi ziyoncamela ukusala enkundleni kunokudedela isitha sithathe izwe IakwaZulu. Nxa kuxoxwa impi ngisho umuntu owone kangakanani wayengabulawa ngoba lokho kwakungeke kuzwakale kahle emathongeni aMakhosi eMakhosini. Ukuxoxa impi kwakungumthandazo ngokwako.

Amahubo ayehutshwa ayenza ngisho igwala lifise ukuthi ngabe isitha sesifikile. Uma amabutho eseshunqiselwe achelwa nangezintelezi ayengavunyelwa ukuphindela emakhaya. Ngaso leso sikhathi abafazi emakhaya babephendulela izidwaba, baphebeze emoyeni ngemishanyelo ngenkolelo yokuthi lokho kwakuzokwenza amabutho abuye engavelelwanga mashwa empini, kusho ukuzila. Sekubikiwe emathongeni ezingonyama eMakhosini impi kaZulu yaphikelela eSandlwana iholwa nguNtshingwayo Khoza okwakunguyena owayezoyiphaka engumdidiyeli wayo omkhulu. Kwakuhutshwa amahubo amaningi empi kuphikelelwe eSandlwana mhla zingama-21 kuMasingana 1879. Elinye lalithi: Oqalayo: ‘Wosuka sihambe! s’hambe! Unosuka s’ hambe! Sihambe![uyaphindaphinda] Abavumayo: Hhe! Hhe! Kush’ uMngwempisi! Hhe! Hhe!Kush’ uMngwempisi!’ [kuyaphindaphindwa] Elinye ihubo layo iNgonyama uCetshwayo elaliqanjwe ngempi yaseNdondakusuka nalo lahutshwa kuyiwa eSandlwana, lalithi: Oqalayo: ‘Wo! Sinik’ abafo!’ [uyaphindaphinda] Abavumayo: ‘Im’khonto, Wena weNdlov’enamandla’ Oqalayo: ‘Ngonyama sinik’ impi! Im’khonto, wena weNdlov’ enamandla’.

Elinye ihubo lempi lalihutshwa ngesikhathi seSilo uDingane, nalo lahutshwa kuphikelelwe eSandlwana. Lalithi: Oqalayo: ‘Woza langa lashona!’ Abavumayo: ‘Lashona!’ Oqalayo: ‘Woza langa lashona!’ Abavumayo: ‘Lashona kuleziya ntaba!’ [kuyaphindwa phindwa]. Wonke amabutho ayeholwa yizinduna zawo namasekela azo. Izinhloli zazihamba phambili zingamakhilomitha alinganiselwa kwali-18. Zaziqeqeshiwe futhi zihlome ziphelele zazi ukuthi nxa kuqhamuka isitha kwakudingeke zikhwele zidilike ezinye ziyobikela impi enkulu emuva. Empini enkulu kwakukhona nezindibi ezazithwalele amaqhawe iziphuku zawo ukhotha nokunye. Zona zazima kude zibukele nxa impi isitholene phezulu kuthi nxa ezimthwalele esala enkundleni, zishiye yonke imithwalo yakhe lapho zazihleli khona. Nxa sekuphindelwa emakhaya kwakubonakala ngokufika kwazo zingasaphethe zimpahla ukuthi abezibathwalele basale empini, bese kwenziwa amalungiselelo okulandwa kwabo. Ngakho-ke amatshe amaningi abekwe phezu kwamathambo eSandlwana ngawabaTlokwa namaZulu ayephoqiwe ukuchema neNgilandi.

Ngakusasa mhla zingama-22 kuMasingana 1879, kwathi nxa amabutho esewabona amatende amasotsha amaNgisi aphikelela khona ekhuza: “uSuthu! uSuthu!” okuyisaga esasiqanjwe eNdondakusuka ngababesekela uMntwana uCetshwayo kodwa esase siyisaga soMbuso kaZulu eseyingonyama. Amasotsha amaNgisi ayevive ngemuva kwabaTlokwa namabutho amaZulu aseningizimu yoThukela noMzinyathi njengoba abelungu babekade benze njalo eMaqonqo naseNdondakusuka ukuze azobhekana noZulu kuqala abantu abamnyama baqedane bodwa. Nempela kwathi nxa impi yeNgonyama uCetshwayo ibona amambuka yawagwaza ngamaklwa agcwala iziganga izindimbane zawo zasala enkundleni kumbandakanya uGabangaye Mchunu namambuka amaningi ayesuka eKoloni yaseNatali amaNgisi ayengazange azihluphe ngisho ukubhala uhla lwamabutho awo emqulwini wamasotsha ayelwa lapho. Kwakuthi nxa insizwa igwaza ibulala isitha ikhumule izingubo zayo izibeke phezu kwesidumbu sesitha yona igqoke ezesitha. Lokhu kwenzeka nasezitheni zamasotsha abelungu ngoba kwabe kuyinkolelo kaZulu evimba ukuthi ogwaziwe angayilandeli.

Amanye amambuka aklonyeliswa nguMbuso wamaNgisi uNjengabantu Ngubane kaSobhuza Ngubane wasemaBomvini wasiza amasotsha amaNgisi amaningi wagcina enikezwe imendlela wanikezwa isikhundla sokuba nguSayitsheni eGreytown, amakholwa maningi oStephen Mini [Edendale] u-Elijah Khambule, uSimeon Khambule nawo aklonyeliswa ngezimendlela ngokudubula abantu bakubo.

Ngemuva kwesikhathi eside isiphelile impi yaseSandlwana kwaba nombango wesikhundla sobukhosi emaChunwini okwakudingeke sithathwe nguZimema kodwa uMbuso weKoloni yamaNgisi wathi makube yindlalifa kaGabanganye ukuze akhunjulwe ngokulwela kwakhe amaNgisi eSandlwana, uZimema wajukujelwa eMzimkhulu nedlanzana labalandeli.

Ngakho-ke uMbuso wamaNgisi awuzange uzihluphe ngisho ukugcina kahle uhla lwabamnyama ababesuka eKoloni yaseNatali ukuze kwaziwe kamhlophe ukuthi bangaki abasala enkundleni nanokuthi nje babengobani ngoba wawungagqizeqakala ngokuthi bayasinda noma bayafa na. Kwathatha isikhathi eside kakhulu nokuthi amathambo amambuka ayesakazeke sonke isiganga saseSandlwana ahlonishwe ngokubeka amatshe phezu kwawo, kwawona agcina ependwe nje ngopende omhlophe ngaphandle kokucacisela izizukulwane esezithatha ngokuthi ngamabutho eNgonyama uCetshwayo.

lngxenye yabaTlokwa eyasala kwababesele enkundleni eSandlwana baklonyeliswa ngendawo kaSihayo Ngobese noSekethwayo Mdlalose eNquthu ababesaphila kwazise babulawa oNdini ngesu lokubhuqa amaqhawe ayesale eSandlwana neSilo uCetshwayo esasisandukubuya ekudingisweni eKapa, mhla zingama-21 kuNtulikazi 1883. Inhloso yokubabeka lapho abaTlokwa kwakungukuqapha ukuthi oSihayo noSekethwayo bangafaki umoya wokuketula amaNgisi enyakatho yoThukela noMzinyathi.

Ngasohlangothini lwempi yeNgonyama uCetshwayo izinkubela eziningi izihlobo zazo zazilanda eSandlwana okungabalwa phakathi kwazo uMagudulwana Mthembu waseMahlabathini woKhandampemvu. Wagwaza abelungu abathathu ekuKhandampemvu isotsha lesithathu walijuqa naye esedubulekile emlenzeni, isidumbu sesotsha sawela phezu kwakhe. lzihlobo sezifika zizobheka izinkubela nezidumbu zezihlobo zazo watholakala esaphila uMagudulwana zamthwala wasiwa ekhaya wanikezwa imihlatshelo waphila.

Kubhekwana nabahlaseli bamasotsha amaNgisi ematendeni esegudluziwe abulawa amambuka, amabutho kaZulu aphikelela ematendeni lapho kwafinyelela khona kuqala uMbonambi ondukuzibomv’igazi, induna yawo enkulu okwakunguNtuzwa Mdlalose noMankulumana kaSomaphunga Ndwandwe owagcina enguNdunankulu weNgonyama uDinuzulu wayeyingxenye yeMbonambi. Amasotsha amaNgisi avulela ngemvula yezinhlamvu eziqondise kulo ibutho leMbonambi kodwa kwanhlanga zimuka nomoya, kuthiwa ‘uyadela wen’usulapho’ bebodwa abasho izibongo zeNgonyama uCetshwayo lagcina lifike qatha ematendeni.

Ngemuva kwalokho kwaphakwa uKhandampemvu olwaluholwa yinduna yalo uMkhosana Biyela, owagijima njengohlanya ephakamise isihlangu sakhe eqonde kubahlaseli. Amasotsha amaNgisi amthela phansi ngenhlamvu wasala enkundleni. Omunye owangena kuKhandampemvu ngoba esejahe ukufika qatha esitheni samaNgisi nguQethuka Magwaza owayeyinduna enkulu yohlangothi loThulwana kwazise isibaya esikhulu soThulwana sasingaphansi kukaMnyamana. Ngakho-ke wakhuzwa uQethuka kaManqondo ngoba kwakungakabi yithuba loThulwana kodwa wangena kuKhandampemvu ukuze abe lapho kwakushisa khona kushunqa intuthu kusetshenziswa izibhamu zohlobo oluphambili. Wagwaza amasotsha amaNgsi amaningi wabuya engenamyocu. Indodakazi yakhe okaQethuka yagcina ibe yiNkosikazi yeSilo uCetshwayo yazala uMntwana uManzolwandle ngemuva kancane kokudliswa ushevu kweSILO uCetshwayo ngamaNgisi ziyisi-8 kuNhlolanja 1884.

Ngemuva koKhandampemvu kwamemeza uSikhizane kaNomageje Buthelezi eqondise kuNgobamakhosi ethi: “Nilalelani phansi? Nathini kuKhandampemvu mhla kuxoxwa impi? Nalo uKhandampemvu luphikelele ematendeni?” iNgobamakhosi yase isibonile ukuthi nxa isibhamu silungiselelwa ukudubula kudingeka ilale phansi iphinde ivuke iphikelele phambili nxa nje siqeda ukudubula kwazise kwabe kunotshani obude eSandlwana.

Ngakho-ke amasotsha amaNgisi ematendeni agcina egwazwe abulawa ucaca kwathathwa nezibhamu zawo. Ngenxa yokuthi lwalukhona uhla Iwamasotsha abelungu, ngemuva nje kwempi yaseSandlwana iNgilandi yakhela amasotsha ayo ayesale enkundleni izakhiwo eziningi zezikhumbuzo zawo okubalwa nawo wonke ayeqhamuka eKoloni yaseNatali kwazise uZulu…

washaya ikhuhle emasotsheni amaNgisi eSandlwana. Okubi kakhulu ngukuthi amaZulu noma esesemandleni ombusazwe awuqikeleli ukuthi amaqhawe awo abekwe ngendlela ehloniphekile, njengokwakha isikhumbuzo esikhulu khona laphaya eSandlwana esithe qekelele sibhalwa phezulu uMkhosana Biyela nawo wonke amaqhawe asala enkundleni kuvikelwa izwe. AmaZulu angabazukulu bamaqhawe aseSandlwana asuke acabange ukuthi isitha singawasiza ukuhlonipha amaqhawe aso okuyinto engakaze yenzeke emhlabeni jikelele. Iningi lalawo masotsha amaNgisi azama ukubaleka aphikelele eShiyane avinjwa agwazwa ngamabutho oVe noNokhenke. USikhobobo Sibiya wayeyingxenye kaNokhenke. Idlanzana elafinyelela eShiyane lasizwa ngukwakha inqaba efana nezinqola zamaBhunu eziseNcome. Leyo nqaba ayakha ngamasaka kwathi nxa uZulu ezama ukucaca adubula amasotsha amaNgisi ecashe ngemuva kwayo. Yanqandwa kanjalo ekaZulu eShiyane.

Ukuhlasela kwamaNgisi kwaKhambula naseHlobane kwaqondana nabaQulusi. Yonke indawo esuka eMahlabathini ize iyofinyelela eSimdlangentsha yayikade inikezwe uNgqengelele yiNgonyama uShaka. Ngakho-ke indlalifa yakhe uMnyamana wayenemizi eNgoje naseMahlabathini. Kwakuyinjwayelo kwaZulu ukuthi impi nxa ilwela endaweni yesikhulu seNgonyama kube yiso esiphaka impi lapho kwazise amabutho amaningi ayengaphansi koholo lwaso. Ngakho-ke impi kwaKhambula, ngaseNqabeni kaHawana, yaphakwa nguMnyamana kaNgqengelele. Ngaleso sikhathi amasotsha amaNgisi ayesevutha uphondo ngemuva kokwehlulwa kwawo eSandlwana. Ayesebulala abalimele eshisa imizi yabantu abafazi basale dengwane. Impi kaZulu yalwa ngokuzinikela okukhulu kwaKhambula naseHlobane kodwa izibhamu zadla umhlanganiso emahawini nasemikhontweni. Ngenyanga kaNdasa 1879, uMntwana uHhamu kaMpande wembukela emaNgisini nengxenye kaZulu eyayingabalandeli bakhe. Lokhu kwacaca ukuthi amaNgisi ayenomshoshaphansi wokunxenxela amaqhawe kaZulu ukuba azimbandakanye nawo.

Impi eyayiqhamuka eGingindlovu neyagcina ilwele eMfuleni iNyezane yatholana phezulu nekaZulu eyayiholwa nguPhalane Mkhwanazi, uSomopho kaSikhala Mthembu, uMavumengwana Ntuli noMajiya Nzuza. Yadumelana ngamawala eNyezane kwafa amasotsha amaNgisi amaningi. Kulapho futhi abaphathi bamasotsha amaNgisi bakhipha isinqumo sokuthi kudutshulwe kubulawe nabalimele okuyinto isivumelwano saseGeneva esiphambene nayo. Yehlulwa kanjalo ekaZulu.

Amasotsha amaNgisi agcina ekwazile ukuphikelela oNdini ukuze abambe iNgonyama uCetshwayo. Amabutho amaningi kaZulu azama ukuvimba amasotsha amaNgisi kodwa mhla zizi-4 kuNtulikazi 1879 agcine efinyelele oNdini afike alushisa ngomlilo. Ingonyama yayingasekho isibhaciswe eNgome emzini kaShoyisa Mbuyisa esizweni sakwaButhelezi. Nokho yagcina itholakele mhla zingama-31 kuNcwaba 1879 yaqhutshwa ngamabutho amaNgisi igqokiswe indwangu yetafula. Kwahanjwa kusukwa oNdini indlela yedlula lapho sekuyiNyuvesi yasoNgoye yedlula ngenhla kwedolobha laseSikhawini kwathi lapho okuthiwa kuseSikhawini Beach khona yathathwa ngumkhumbi wezempi yayiswa ekudingisweni e-Oude Moulen eKapa.

Isiphetho
Impi yaseSandlwana ibhalwe ngemfundisoze nangokubuka umlando ngeso laseNtshonalanga ngosomlando babelungu, yaphendukezelwa. Labo somlando bayakufihla ukuthi amabutho kaZulu avela eNatali nabaTlokwa yiwona ayengaphezulu kude kwaweSilo uCetshwayo enyakatho yoThukela noMzinyathi. Bayakufihla futhi ukuthi ukuba amabutho abaTlokwa namaZulu aseNatali ayenqobile, umbuso wamaNgisi wawungeke uzihluphe ngisho nangokudubula njengoba naseMaqonqo ngowe-1840 amabutho amaBhunu ayeholwa ngu-Andries Pretorius engazange adubule kodwa abukela amaZulu ebulalana wodwa wona eme le kude. NaseNdondakusuka ngowe-1856 amabutho amaNgisi ayeholwa nguJohn Dunn aze azimbandakanya nempi ngoba sekusobala ukuthi ekaMntwana uCetshwayo idla umhlanganiso. Ngakho-ke umlando wamaZulu kudingeka ubhalwe yiwo amaZulu ewubhalela amaZulu ngolimi lwesiZulu njengoba izizwe zenza emhlabeni jikelele.

Abakwa Mkhize | Umlando wabakwa Mkhize

Mkhize

AbakwaMkhize baluzalo luka Langa Samuketi, okusho ukuthi bahlobene kakhulu nabakwaDlamini nabakwaNdwandwe.

Kuthathe eside isikhathi babizwa ngokuthi abaseMbo, okusho ukuthi bangabaMbo-Nguni. Umuntu ongukhokho noma okubizwa ngaye abaseMbo kwabe kunguMumbo owayeluzalo lukaNguni owayengowase kabazwe lena koCameroon-Congo. UMumbo wathatha abantu bakayise wabheka nabo ngasempumalanga nezwekazi iAfrika okuseKenya namuhla. Wafike wahlala endaweni eyaqanjwa ngegama lakhe kwathiwa EMBU, isekhona namanje le eKenya.

Ukwahlukana kwabaMbo kwenzeke ngezoikhathi zofuduko lapha eTalagubha ngasezintabeni zeLubombo. Okwathi abakwaMkhize bahwebelana namaPutukezi base behlanjalo ngokugudla ulwandle kanti izihlobo zabo bakwaDlamini bagudla Lubombo bephindelela bona. OMkhize bahambe njalo beklamisa imfuyo yabo ezindaweni eziphakeme ngoba zabe zino mkhizwana kumila kahle uhlaza.

Kuthe sekubusa inkosi uLudvonga waMavuso kwelakaNgwane, watsi akulandvwe letihlobo tabo letilandzelana nemikhizo yematolo. Nangembala ke watfumela emancusa kutsi balandvwe kodvwa phindze kuvuma labo bantfu baka Mkhize kunaloko baba cosha ngetikhali. Watsi Ludvonga sebakaMkhizo lokwagcina sekutsiwa Mkhize.

KwaMkhize kwakuno Sibiside kaSidweba wayezele eziningi izingane okubalwa uShange noMavovo namawele okwabe kuwu Mpondo noMpondomise abawela umzimkhulu bakha kwelakwaXhosa izwe. Okunye umkhonto wagwaza ekhaya kwavela isibongo sakwaMabhida. UShange kwavela isibongo ngaye oDumakude.

Ukuzalana kwaMkhize:

ULanga wazala
UNdlozela owazala
USidweba owazala
UMdladla owazala
USibiside/Gubhela owazala
UMavovo owazala
UKhabazela owazala
UGcwabe owazala
UZihlandlo owazala
USiyengela owazala
UNgunezi owazala
UTilongo owazala
UNkasa.

Lukhona nolunye uzalo lakoMkhize oluningi angilufakanga lapha.

Izithakazelo;

Gcwabe!
Khabazela kaMavovo kaZihlandlo!
Mumbo omhlophe,
Wena waseMbo
Wena okhanya amasi esiswini,
Singela,
Ngunezi, mumbo ombulazi,
Sibiside esimaphandla esaphandla abeNguni bavungama,
Ni bengwazi emabhudle ethi isabhudla yabuye yaphinda yabhudla,
Malala amahle,
Nina enalala nomunwe navuka nakhwifilanga.
Nzalo kaSambela
Nzalo kaLuzalo
Zalankomo!

AbakwaDUBE

AbakwaDUBE

Abantu bakwaDube ngokomdabu bayinzalo kaNdzinisa obeyindodana kaNgwane wesithatu okusho baluzalo lwaseMbo kwaDlamini kuMalangeni. UNdzinisa lona esendeni lakhe kwavela izibongo ezinjengo Dube, Dludlu,Tsela noNdzinisa zonke lezibongo ngamaZomba.
Abantu bakwaDube bahambe nomholi wabo uKhushwayo ukuya kwaZulu bafike bakhonza kuGodongwane(Dingiswayo) baliqhamukisa eSwazini. Kwathi esesocongiwe uDingiswayo sekubusa uShaka kaSenzangakhona bazinikela kuya babangaphansi kombuso kaZulu besebeholwa uNzwakele kaKhushwayo.

Kuthe sekubusa uDingane bahlukumezeka kakhulu abantu bakwaDube ngoba phela uDingane lona wayengabafuni abantu ababezwana noShaka ebahlasela ebahlakaza. Balishiya izwe labo laseMadlanzini bewela uThukela bayokwakha ngapho. Kuthiwa kwabe kukhona isizwe ebesakhelene nabakwaDube okwabe kungu Nqoboka wakwaSokhulu owafihla omunye wamakhosikazi aNzwakele kanti wayekhulele ngenhlanhla wazala umfana owaqhuba ulibo lobukhosi bakwaDube, uHabana igama.
Kuthe uMpande esenqobe uDingane umntwana uCetshwayo wezwa ukuthi uNqoboka ufihle izinyane lakwaDube nakhona wenzwa kuxoxwa ngoba uHabana wasinda edovadovwa yinyathi. Kwathiwa uNqoboka wakaSokhulu akalethe uHabane ekomkhulu ukuze azekuhola isizwe sakubo kwaDube. Wathi uCetshwayo ababuyele endaweni yakubo kodwa uHabane wakhetha ukuwela uThukela aye kubantu bakubo.

Ukuzalana kwaDube:

UNdzinisa uzale uSodubo owazala uGwabini,
Gwabini wazala
UKhushwayo owazala
UNzwakele owazala
UHabane owazala
UNtungelezane owazala
UMagemegeme osabusayo.

Izithakazelo:

Dube
Mtima
Mzomba
Nyamazane
Mbuyazi
Lushozi
Nzwakele
Dubelimthente
Khushwayo
Machamahleli njengengwababane
Donda
Silwanelesihle
Mageza ngobisi abanye bageza ngamanzi!

Abakwa Mngomezulu

Abantu bakwa Mngomezulu

Abantu bakwa Mngomezulu ngabeSuthu abaPedi basePolokwane lapho badabuka khona. Lesibongo sidatshulwa uMngomezulu okukholakala ukuthi kwabe kungumholi walesizwe esehla sayohlala ezintabeni zoMdzimba eSwazini. Ngenxa yezimpi ezabe sidalwa inkosi uSomhlolo ekufikeni kwakhe kuleya ndawo, uDlakadla kaMalinga obesekahola abakwaMngomezulu walifulathela wabheka ngaso lwandle.

Ukukhothama kukaDlakadla kubese kubekwa uZondiwe indodana yakhe esihlalweni sobukhosi ngoba wayemdala kuMsunduka. Kuthiwa inzalo yayingabonwa kuZondiwe okwenza ukuthi umfowabo uMsunduka angene enye yamakhosikazi enkosi. Okwathi ngelinye ilanga uMsunduka ephuma endlini kunkosikazi kaZondiwe wambona wase emubiza emtshela ukuthi uyayazi inkinga yakhe akunankinga akamzalele indlalifa. Nangempela yakhulelwa inkosikazi kaZondiwe kwazalwa uLubelo kaZondiwe. Leyo nkosikazi kwaku kaMafulela uwazala uLubelo.

Sahamba isikhathi wagula uZondiwe kwathi sebeseMabantaneni kwamenela lapho wase ekhothama. Wase egcotshwa ukuba yinkosi uLubelo emva kukayise uZondiwe. Inkosi uLubelo ubone izizwe ayakhelene nazo zihlaselwa uShaka kanzima wavele waqhuba izinkomo wayokhonza kuye uShaka, wathi uma ehlasela abomlekelela okaNdaba. Kuleso sikhathi ke uLubelo wakhe umuzi wakhe eNkungwini leyo ndawo iphakathi eSwazini namuhla.

Ukuzalana kwabo;

Mngomezulu uzele
uMdluli noMafu, uMdluli uzale
uMsuthu ozale
uLudonga ozale
uNgwane ozale
uMalinga ozale
uDlakadla ozale uZondiwe, uMsunduka noMbangamuni.

uZondiwe uzale
uLubelo ozale
uMbikiza ozale
uZombizwe,uBhungane noMbalekelwa

uZombizwe uzale
uKhathwayo yena ozale
uMndeni.

Msunduka uzale
uMdludlu ozale
uMboni ozale
uNyambane ozale
uMahembe.

Izithakazelo zako Mngomezulu;

Dlakadla
Mdluli
Msuthu wasenhla
Lukhele
Masok’ anqunu ngemizimba yawo
Makhuba aluthuli ngokukhubana wodwa ezinyaweni
Maphakela indoda edlengelweni
Weba udlele entanyeni
Nina bakaSobhuza
Izingonyama ezidlekhaya ngokuswela umelusi
Mhlanti wendlunkulu
Makhunga!
Skhangisa!
Lukhele qhawe elinjonjo
Nkabanhle nkaba yenkosi!

Umlando wabantu bakwa Bhengu | Izithakazelo zakwa Bhengu

AbakakwaNgcolosi/ Bhengu

Umlando wabantu bakwa Bhengu | Izithakazelo zakwa Bhengu

Umuntu ongukhokho wabantu bakwaBhengu uNgcolosi owayezalwa kwaDlamini eSwazini noma ngithi ayezalwe ngabaseMbo okungu Dlamini 2.

Kuthiwa umzukulwana kaNgwane(Lusibalukhulu) kaShongololo kaNgcolisi, wayenomkhuba wokulalana nodadewa abelamana naye emhlane okwagcina esemkhulelisile. Leso senzo saba ngesibi kakhulu emndenini okwaphoqa ukuthi baxoshwe ekhaya ngoba balingolise ngehlazo. Leyo ndodana eyabhebha ekhaya yaqanjwa isibongo esisha kwathiwa uBhengu. UBhengu ke wahamba wayokwakha ngaphesheya koThukela, endaweni ekuthiwa kukwaNgcolosi eduze koMngeni.

Kuthiwa abakwaBhengu babona amaChunu nabaThembu beshakaziswa inkosi uShaka babona kuncono ukungena ngaphansi kombuso wakhe okwabe kunguMmepho kaNgwane kaLamula lowo. Kuthe sekubusa inkosi uDingane kwaZulu bahlupheka bonke abantu nezizwe ezasihlobene kakhulu noShaka ngoba uDingane wayebahlasela ngenxa yokwesaba ukuthi bangahle bamvukele baphindiselele umngane wabo uShaka. Ngakho bahlaselwa abakwaBhengu inkosi yabo uNkungu kaMmepho wabulawa amabutho kaDingane waphoswa emfuleni uThukela base bebaleka ke abakwaNgolosi baya kwaNtunjambili. Bagcine abanye beyokwakha sesizwe samaQadi. Ubukho obungasemaQadini kuthiwa kuseKupheleni kanti obukwaNtunjambili kuseNyambeni. esinye isibongo esaphuma kwaBhengu esakagwaza bona abakhe eBabanango nakoNtinbingwe.

Ukuzalana kwaNgcolosi

UNgcolosi wazala
UShongololo owazala
UNgwane 1(Lusibalukhulu) owazala uDlabazane, owazala
UBhengu owazala
UNgwabini owazala
UNgwane 2(hhayi amakhosi aseSwazi) owazala
UMmepho owazala
UNkungu, uSijongo noFaku

UNkungu wazala
UHlangabeza,noDlongolo

UDlongolo uzale uMaphitha noVika.

UMaphitha uzale uShopho

UHlangabeza wazala
UMathole, uSidanga noMpisiyenduna.

UFaku wazala uNdlokolo

Indlu yaseHillcrest:

UDlongolo wazala
UVika owazala
UDinabakubo ozele inkosi
UBhekisisa ebusayo.

Indlu yaseNyambeni kwaNtunjambili:

Hlangabeza uzale
Mathole ozale
Hluphizwe ozale
Vusumuzi noNkosikhona

Nkosikhona ubusayo emva komfowabo uVusumuzi ongazalanga inkosana.

Izibongo ezaphuma kwaBhengu :

Jali
Luthuli
Dlongolo

Izithakazelo sakwBhengu:

Ngcolosi
Dlabazane
Ngwane

Isilo uCetshwayo kaMpande

Isilo uCetshwayo kaMpande

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Ingonyama uCetshwayo uyisende lesilo uShaka kaSenzangakhona, okwathi nxashana izintombi lezi azabezibizwa ngezimbali zesigodlo kutholakala ukuthi sezizethwele, okwabe kungu Ngqumbazi wakwaZungu noMonase wakwaNxumalo. Izingwevu ezabe sihlangene noMkabayi kaJama nendlovukazi uNandi kaBhebhe waseLangeni unina kaShaka, benza icebo lokuthi lezintombi ngoba sezizethwele akutshelwe uShaka anikeze uMpande lezintombi zigane yena. Kwakwenziwela ukuthi lezingane zikhule ngaphansi kwakhe uMpande kungaziwa ukuthi ngezi kaShaka.

UMPANDE wayengazingeni ezokubuthwa nokuya ezimpini wayezihuqa ngomlotha ahlale ezaleni,ethi uShaka akayekwe athi uma edla emshiyele ukudla akuqedele uMpande. Wabizwa ke uMpande wathi UShaka uzomthathe abafazi ababili emlobolele. Kuthiwa akaphendula uMpande wavele wagiya okwakukokuqala empilweni yakhe ukuthi agiye adlale. Wabuthwa ke uMpande waba nebutho lakhe walotsholelwa uNgqumbazi noMonase wagcagcelwa, wamkhipha kwaDukuza uShaka wayokwakhelwa eNdulinde eMandeni namuhla. Kodwa wamtshela ukuthi uNgqumbazi uyozala inkosi eyobusa emvakwakhe UShaka kodwa lokho Kwamxaka uMpande ukuthi kuyokwenzeka kanjani lokho. UMpande uganiselwa lezintombi akazi ukuthi sevele zikhulelwe. Kodwa kwakufihliwe ukuthi uCetshwayo benoMbuyazwe ngabesende likaShaka ngoba obengaveza lokho wayengayiswa kwagoqanyawo ukudalula izimfihlo zasendlukulu.

Ukuze kuthiwe UCetshwayo kaMpande kungoba phela uShaka akaganwanga izintombi wazendlulisela kuMpande, wakhuliswa uye uMpande. Kwase ke kuvela igama elithi ABANTWANA kushiwo laba besilo uShaka, kuthiwe kunaBANTWANA lapha kwaMpande. Lokhu namuhla abasendlukulu bebizwa ngaBANTWANA njena. Ubukhosi obusabusa namanje obesende likaShaka, ngisho isilo UZWELITHINI KABHEKUZULU solo inzalelwane kaShaka ngqo. Ngizoqhubeka ngo Cetshwayo ngomhlomunye. JINININDI OMNYAMA UMAGWENGWANE NGOKUGWEGWA KUBA KAYISE! BAYEDE WENA WENDLOVU!